The principles of reading therapy can be illuminated from an analytical psychological point of view, from a literal perspective, and from a physiological point of view of the brain, including tradition. More comprehensive and in-depth theoretical development is needed for the development of reading therapy.
To understand the principles of reading therapy, one must understand what is happening in the reader’s inner world while reading. For this, there can be various perspectives: first, one can illuminate from a reading behavioral standpoint, the second from an analytical psychological perspective, the third from a narrative perspective, and finally from a brain physiology perspective.
1. Reading Behavioral Perspective
Reading behavior is intended to comprehensively understand the nature of reading. The reading process is related to the total mental capacity of human beings. In other words, sensory, perceptual, continuous, empirical, thought, learning, combined, and emotional aspects work together, including physical preparation. Therefore, reading a book well can be seen as the overall mental capacity of a human being is working well. Therefore, the basis of reading therapy can be found in that reading is not just an act of deciphering meaning from the text or merely conveying meaning, but a self-centered process of thinking in which the reader analyzes, synthesizes, dedicates, and judges the writing based on his or her own experience.
Man is the existence of a spiritual distribution that accepts information, considers it, and then expresses it. Comparing this process with a coupler, reading and listening correspond to input, and moving to writing and speaking or practice is output. One reconstructs the information entered with a high level of mental ability, not with a simple repetition. Through this series of distribution, mental and personal abilities are developed. However, if a person fails in one or more areas of the input-processing-output process, he or she faces a serious problem. Reading therapy counselors are interested in the entire course of this distribution and want to have the effect of treatment by intervening in areas in question.
The latest reading therapy is evolving beyond information-provided reading therapy, which simply recommends books, to integrate reading, listening, writing, and speaking (discussing) with a holistic view of reading activities. On the other hand, information-provided reading shows that the portion of input in reading behavior and the treatment of poetry and writing are more intensive reading treatments. The analytical psychological perspective discussed in the next section focuses on the reader’s inner world in reading. These diverse forms of reading therapy have their own advantages, so it is necessary to mix and use them appropriately, depending on the patient’s situation and the type of problem.
2. Analysis psychological perspective
What happens in the physician’s mind when he reads a book, so does reading work? The theory that explains this is the psychological perspective of analysis. There are three principles to this.
A. Principle of equivalence/empathy
According to Lee Sang-seop’s “Literature Criticism Dictionary” (Minumsa, 1976), empathy is the emotion that the object, the natural world, and the human being, unconsciously transfer their feelings back to the subject and to the human being and feel as if they were having the same emotions as themselves. For example, a flowing stream flows with a steady stream of sounds, but the stream sounds sad and sad when the person feels sad, and the person feels cheerful when he or she is happy. For example, when a reader reaches the point where he or she laughs with the main character of the novel, he or she laughs at the same heart, or the audience frowns in spite of the grim grim grimace of the actor’s face, etc. are the result of empathy.
German Hermann Roche first used the term “Einf Lung” in relation to art in 1858, and later Theodore Lips established it as an art theory. According to them, the law of righteousness and metaphor in rhetoric are all the result of empathy. (My heart is a candle.”) In “My heart is a candle,” he transmutes the poet’s own emotions into the candle.
A similar concept to empathy is called empathy. Compassion is primarily meant to have a consciousness of the same kind among humans (or to an imaginary actor to whom a personality is endowed). In other words, watching Hamlet does not make me an emotional Hamlet, but a third party’s feeling of pity and pity for his troubles. If empathy is what combines, empathy is what keeps you standing side by side.
The reader cannot read a work without the ability to empathize. The characters are usually supposed to buy empathy or antipathy, and how right they are and how right they are to them can be a measure of the quality of the reader. This suggests that empathy is quite intellectual and ideological, while empathy is physical and instinctive. Both of the above are necessary for the delivery of the work, and the writer who focuses on empathy will choose suggestive words and focus on detailed and detailed depictions, and the writer who focuses on empathy will try to highlight the nature of human nature.
Psychoanalysis kadareusiseu in Jeong-dong cleansing, feeling (catharsis) box (情動解發) above sea level, which is also therapeutic, piled up inside in the target when viewed in terms of desire.Complaint or psychological conflicts or expressing by what impulse to talk therapy to release emotional or negative feelings. In reading therapy, catharsis refers to a so-called emotional confession that expresses in sentences or words the feelings, thoughts, personalities and attitudes of the characters in the book. These emotional confessions to the characters are in fact not resisted as common in other psychotherapy because they are the subject’s own internal feelings or the projection of thoughts, personalities, and attitudes. In addition, as the conscious suppression or suppression gradually weakens while expressing emotions in writing or words, indirect expressions of appreciation for the characters are transformed into direct expressions called appreciation of the characters in real life.
I. Principle of catharsis
In his book Poetias, Aristotle said, “The tragedy is a copy of an act… This term was first used to define tragedy as ‘to purify (cartarsis)’ which is unique to this emotion by pity and fear. The interpretation is colloquial, but it can be divided into two main parts. One is purification and the other is interpreted as excretion. The former is interpreted to mean that in religious rituals, the former is used to cleanse the dirt of sin and cleanse the mind and body, and to wash out the impure parts of emotion. The latter is interpreted as a metaphor for medical excretion. In other words, compassion and fear are inherent trends of personality, but tragic excitement releases this sentiment built on the psychology of the audience, creating a sense of freedom and relaxation from the emotional pressures. Meanwhile, psychoanalysis refers to a type of psychotherapy that exudes wounds or complexes from the mind and treats them.
“catharsis” (catharsis) “above sea level due east” (情動解發) sonjeongpyo the terms to translate it into one that is called when viewed in terms of therapeutic effects, piled up inside of those needs.Psychological conflicts or complaints, language or passive treatment to vent or emotional impulse by expressing by what says (sonjeongpyo, 2000). With Freud’s psychoanalysis emerging, Qatar’s Sith theory was further studied. In other words, catharsis is the foundation for the treatment of Freud’s psychoanalysis psychology. Freud introduced a physics paradigm in analyzing human psychology, which he sees as the flow of energy. In other words, emotions that are not morally acceptable are suppressed in unconsciousness and inevitably erupt when they become full, a negative burst of energy is a symptom. Freud believes that such repressed emotions can be cured by conscious (distribution=kataris) through psychoanalysis counseling.
In reading therapy, catharsis refers to a so-called emotional confession that expresses in sentences or words the feelings, thoughts, personalities and attitudes of the characters in the book. These emotional confessions to the characters are in fact not resisted as common in other psychotherapy because they are the subject’s own internal feelings or the projection of thoughts, personalities, and attitudes. In addition, as the conscious suppression or suppression gradually weakens as one expresses one’s feelings in writing or words, the indirect expression of appreciation of the characters is transformed into a direct expression called appreciation of the characters in real life.
Usually, a visitor is caught up in negative emotions such as anger, extreme frustration or sadness that accompany his problem, so the power to look at his problem from a different perspective or objectively. Therefore, once you experience catharsis, you will be freed from those negative emotions and you will be able to gain Insight means “acquisition of the correct objective perception of oneself or of one’s own problems” (the Son Jung-pyo, 2000). Reading therapists promote insight by helping visitors realize for themselves how the characters in a book that they encounter similar problems to themselves can solve them productively. In other words, let the characters in the book serve as models for visitors.